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GMP version 4.2.2
Running the function in test script returns the output of -5 when 5 is expected.
Documentation (http://us.php.net/manual/en/function.gmp-mod.php) asserts that the
result is always non-negative. This is not the case in actuality. Bug type could
be either a bug or documentation problem.
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This is a bug in the PHP extension. Worse, the result differs if you pass a GMP resource instead of an integer:
$ php -r "echo gmp_intval(gmp_mod(-2, gmp_add(6,1)));"
The problem is that gmp_zval_binary_ui_op_ex changes the sign of the result if it uses the unsigned integer variant of the GMP API and the first operand is negative. This may be the correct for other binary functions (I haven't checked), but it isn't for mod.
The documentation mirrors the upstream documentation, which says:
— Function: void mpz_mod (mpz_t r, mpz_t n, mpz_t d)
— Function: unsigned long int mpz_mod_ui (mpz_t r, mpz_t n, unsigned long int d)
Set r to n mod d. The sign of the divisor is ignored; the result is always non-negative.
The following patch has been added/updated:
Patch Name: gmp_mod
Automatic comment from SVN on behalf of stas
Log: Fix bug #52906 gmp_mod returns negative result when non-negative is expected
This bug has been fixed in SVN.
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Thank you for the report, and for helping us make PHP better.