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Doc Bug #33225 PHP sends multiple Status headers
Submitted: 2005-06-03 01:56 UTC Modified: 2005-10-23 23:44 UTC
Avg. Score:3.0 ± 0.0
Reproduced:1 of 1 (100.0%)
Same Version:0 (0.0%)
Same OS:0 (0.0%)
From: phpbugs at thequod dot de Assigned:
Status: Not a bug Package: Documentation problem
PHP Version: 5.0.4 OS: *
Private report: No CVE-ID: None
 [2005-06-03 01:56 UTC] phpbugs at thequod dot de
Multiple "Status" lines get send when    
using "header('Location: url')", which produces an  
additional 302 (REDIRECT) status code.  
This causes FastCGI (at least) to produce a 500 Internal    
Server Error:    
FastCGI: comm with server "/path/to/fcgi-starter" aborted:    
error parsing headers: duplicate header 'status'    
( says:    
Note:  The HTTP status header line will always be the    
first sent to the client [[NOT TRUE! - reproduce: echo  
"<?php header('Status: 304'); ?>" | php5/bin/php-fcgi]],  
regardless of the    
actual header() call being the first or not. The status    
may be overridden by calling header() with a new status    
line at any time unless the HTTP headers have already been    
sent [[NOT TRUE! - this bug]].    
configure (both PHP5 and PHP4):    
./configure --enable-memory-limit    
--enable-force-cgi-redirect  \    
--enable-track-vars --with-pcre-regex --with-mysql    
--without-sqlite \    
--with-zlib --with-bz2 --enable-mbstring --with-openssl    
--enable-exif \    
--with-dom=shared --with-ttf=shared --with-gd=shared    
--enable-calendar \    
--with-iconv --enable-inline-optimization    
--enable-gd-native-ttf \    
--with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl \    
--with-gettext \    
--without-mm --enable-fastcgi --prefix=/home/daniel/php5    

Reproduce code:
$ cat << "?>" | php5/bin/php-fcgi 
header( 'Status: 404' ); 
header( 'Status: 301' ); 
header( 'Location:' ); 

Expected result:
Status: 301  
Content-type: text/html  
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.0.4  

Actual result:
Status: 302 
Content-type: text/html 
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.0.4 
Status: 301 


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 [2005-06-03 23:18 UTC]
Here's what I get with Apache2 and your script:

HTTP/1.1 302 Found
Date: Fri, 03 Jun 2005 21:15:54 GMT
Server: Apache/2.0.52 (Fedora)
X-Powered-By: PHP/5.1.0-dev
Status: 301
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1

IMO, this is not a bug in either SAPI. Just documentation issue.

 [2005-06-05 13:45 UTC] phpbugs at thequod dot de
Sniper, please use a FastCGI-compiled PHP-CGI binary and  
don't inspect the Apache output.  
If you would have been running php-fastcgi on your Apache2  
server you would've gotten a "Internal server error",  
because fastcgi dies on multiple Status headers. 
It's not only a documentation problem, but causes Internal 
Server errors with Apache and fastcgi, because fastcgi is 
very strict about the "There has to be exact one status 
code in the cgi response".
 [2005-06-05 16:59 UTC]
Could you please check the last comment please?
And then return the bug to us if needed.

 [2005-06-06 00:02 UTC]
If Apache behaves like that (and CGI), it's not a bug.
Do NOT send multiple status headers if you wish it to work as you expect.

 [2005-06-06 16:40 UTC]
You can set HTTP response code by header("HTTP/ ") and that's what is documented. "The HTTP status header line will always be the first sent to the client" is pointing to this header("HTTP/ "), not header("Status: ").
 [2005-10-23 23:44 UTC] phpbugs at thequod dot de
In the documentation (at least the german one) it says 
that header( 'HTTP/..' ) and header( 'Status: ..' ) do the 
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