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Bug #53611 fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE pollutes other sites
Submitted: 2010-12-26 00:37 UTC Modified: 2017-10-24 07:43 UTC
Avg. Score:4.9 ± 0.4
Reproduced:48 of 49 (98.0%)
Same Version:1 (2.1%)
Same OS:43 (89.6%)
From: jraxis at gmail dot com Assigned:
Status: Open Package: FPM related
PHP Version: 5.5.0 OS: Linux
Private report: No CVE-ID: None
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 [2010-12-26 00:37 UTC] jraxis at gmail dot com
In nginx+FPM, if I set a PHP_VALUE using fastcgi_param in one server, sometimes other virtual hosts are seeing those settings. An nginx.conf fragment like this:---

server {
    server_name foo.example;
    root /srv/www/foo.example;
    location ~ \.php$ {
        ... # usual PHP stuff
server {
    server_name bar.example;
    root /srv/www/bar.example;
    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE "auto_prepend_file=\"/etc/nginx/bar.php\""

---will occasionally result in foo.example's pages having bar.php prepended to it. The php-fpm processes are most likely retaining the PHP_VALUE settings as they are re-used by nginx for requests for other virtual hosts.

This is with PHP/5.3.4 and nginx/0.8.53 on a Gentoo Linux box. ./configure line:---

'./configure' '--prefix=/usr' '--build=i686-pc-linux-gnu' '--host=i686-pc-linux-gnu' '--mandir=/usr/share/man' '--infodir=/usr/share/info' '--datadir=/usr/share' '--sysconfdir=/etc' '--localstatedir=/var/lib' '--prefix=/usr/lib/php5.3' '--mandir=/usr/lib/php5.3/man' '--infodir=/usr/lib/php5.3/info' '--libdir=/usr/lib/php5.3/lib' '--with-libdir=lib' '--without-pear' '--disable-maintainer-zts' '--enable-bcmath=shared' '--with-bz2=shared' '--enable-calendar=shared' '--with-curl=shared' '--with-curlwrappers' '--without-enchant' '--enable-exif=shared' '--enable-ftp=shared' '--with-gettext=shared' '--with-gmp=shared' '--disable-intl' '--without-kerberos' '--enable-mbstring=shared' '--with-mcrypt=shared' '--without-mssql' '--with-onig=/usr' '--with-openssl' '--with-openssl-dir=/usr' '--enable-pcntl=shared' '--without-pgsql' '--without-pspell' '--without-recode' '--enable-shmop' '--with-snmp=shared' '--enable-soap=shared' '--enable-sockets=shared' '--without-sybase-ct' '--enable-sysvmsg=shared' '--enable-sysvsem=shared' '--enable-sysvshm=shared' '--with-tidy=shared' '--enable-wddx=shared' '--with-xmlrpc=shared' '--with-xsl=shared' '--enable-zip=shared' '--with-zlib=shared' '--disable-debug' '--enable-dba=shared' '--without-cdb' '--with-db4' '--enable-flatfile' '--with-gdbm' '--enable-inifile' '--without-qdbm' '--with-freetype-dir=/usr' '--with-t1lib=/usr' '--enable-gd-jis-conv' '--with-jpeg-dir=/usr' '--with-png-dir=/usr' '--with-xpm-dir=/usr' '--with-gd' '--with-imap=shared' '--with-imap-ssl' '--without-interbase' '--with-ldap=shared' '--with-ldap-sasl' '--with-mysql=shared,/usr' '--with-mysql-sock=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock' '--with-mysqli=shared,/usr/bin/mysql_config' '--with-unixODBC=shared,/usr' '--without-adabas' '--without-birdstep' '--without-dbmaker' '--without-empress' '--without-esoob' '--without-ibm-db2' '--without-sapdb' '--without-solid' '--without-oci8' '--without-pdo-dblib' '--with-pdo-mysql=shared,/usr' '--without-pdo-pgsql' '--with-pdo-sqlite=shared,/usr' '--with-pdo-odbc=shared,unixODBC,/usr' '--with-readline' '--without-libedit' '--with-mm' '--with-sqlite=/usr' '--enable-sqlite-utf8' '--with-pcre-regex=/usr' '--with-pcre-dir=/usr' '--with-config-file-path=/etc/php/fpm-php5.3' '--with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php/fpm-php5.3/ext-active' '--disable-cli' '--disable-cgi' '--enable-fpm' '--disable-embed' '--without-apxs2'

Test script:
# /srv/www/foo.example/index.php
<?php print "Foo index"; ?>

# /srv/www/bar.example/index.php
<?php print "Bar index"; ?>

# /etc/nginx/bar.php
<?php print "Bar prepend<br/>"; ?>

Expected result:
# foo.example
Foo index

# bar.example
Bar prepend
Bar index

Actual result:
# foo.example
Bar prepend
Foo index

# bar.example
Bar prepend
Bar index


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 [2011-01-01 20:30 UTC]
-Status: Open +Status: Assigned -Assigned To: +Assigned To: fat
 [2011-01-04 20:30 UTC]
-Status: Assigned +Status: Feedback
 [2011-01-04 20:30 UTC]
Not enough information was provided for us to be able
to handle this bug. Please re-read the instructions at

If you can provide more information, feel free to add it
to this bug and change the status back to "Open".

Thank you for your interest in PHP.

Can you please post your FPM conf ?
 [2011-10-08 14:26 UTC]
-Status: Feedback +Status: Closed
 [2013-04-03 23:29 UTC] steven at flechamobile dot com

I can confirm the bug, I have the same issue.

I have Nginx with php5-fpm as multi vhost (using sites-enabled & sites-available structure)

for one of my sites I have:
	location ~ \.php$ {
		try_files $uri =404;
		fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
		include fastcgi_params;
		fastcgi_index index.php;
		fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
		fastcgi_param  PHP_VALUE  "include_path=/path/to/includes";

Now my other vhost website (other url) with the same conf setup but minus the 
fastcgi_param  PHP_VALUE  "include_path=/path/to/includes";
line is searching for includes at the exact same place instead of locally.

I'm running Debian 6, nginx + php5-fpm + xcache (+ memcache + memcached).

What files do you need for further investigation?

fpm conf:
; FPM Configuration ;

; All relative paths in this configuration file are relative to PHP's install
; prefix (/usr). This prefix can be dynamicaly changed by using the
; '-p' argument from the command line.

; Include one or more files. If glob(3) exists, it is used to include a bunch of
; files from a glob(3) pattern. This directive can be used everywhere in the
; file.
; Relative path can also be used. They will be prefixed by:
;  - the global prefix if it's been set (-p arguement)
;  - /usr otherwise

; Global Options ;

; Pid file
; Note: the default prefix is /var
; Default Value: none
pid = /var/run/

; Error log file
; If it's set to "syslog", log is sent to syslogd instead of being written
; in a local file.
; Note: the default prefix is /var
; Default Value: log/php-fpm.log
error_log = /var/log/php5-fpm.log

; syslog_facility is used to specify what type of program is logging the
; message. This lets syslogd specify that messages from different facilities
; will be handled differently.
; See syslog(3) for possible values (ex daemon equiv LOG_DAEMON)
; Default Value: daemon
;syslog.facility = daemon

; syslog_ident is prepended to every message. If you have multiple FPM
; instances running on the same server, you can change the default value
; which must suit common needs.
; Default Value: php-fpm
;syslog.ident = php-fpm

; Log level
; Possible Values: alert, error, warning, notice, debug
; Default Value: notice
;log_level = notice

; If this number of child processes exit with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS within the time
; interval set by emergency_restart_interval then FPM will restart. A value
; of '0' means 'Off'.
; Default Value: 0
emergency_restart_threshold = 10

; Interval of time used by emergency_restart_interval to determine when 
; a graceful restart will be initiated.  This can be useful to work around
; accidental corruptions in an accelerator's shared memory.
; Available Units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Unit: seconds
; Default Value: 0
emergency_restart_interval = 1m

; Time limit for child processes to wait for a reaction on signals from master.
; Available units: s(econds), m(inutes), h(ours), or d(ays)
; Default Unit: seconds
; Default Value: 0
process_control_timeout = 10s

; The maximum number of processes FPM will fork. This has been design to control
; the global number of processes when using dynamic PM within a lot of pools.
; Use it with caution.
; Note: A value of 0 indicates no limit
; Default Value: 0
; process.max = 128

; Specify the nice(2) priority to apply to the master process (only if set)
; The value can vary from -19 (highest priority) to 20 (lower priority)
; Note: - It will only work if the FPM master process is launched as root
;       - The pool process will inherit the master process priority
;         unless it specified otherwise
; Default Value: no set
; process.priority = -19

; Send FPM to background. Set to 'no' to keep FPM in foreground for debugging.
; Default Value: yes
;daemonize = yes
; Set open file descriptor rlimit for the master process.
; Default Value: system defined value
;rlimit_files = 1024
; Set max core size rlimit for the master process.
; Possible Values: 'unlimited' or an integer greater or equal to 0
; Default Value: system defined value
;rlimit_core = 0

; Specify the event mechanism FPM will use. The following is available:
; - select     (any POSIX os)
; - poll       (any POSIX os)
; - epoll      (linux >= 2.5.44)
; - kqueue     (FreeBSD >= 4.1, OpenBSD >= 2.9, NetBSD >= 2.0)
; - /dev/poll  (Solaris >= 7)
; - port       (Solaris >= 10)
; Default Value: not set (auto detection)
; events.mechanism = epoll

; Pool Definitions ; 

; Multiple pools of child processes may be started with different listening
; ports and different management options.  The name of the pool will be
; used in logs and stats. There is no limitation on the number of pools which
; FPM can handle. Your system will tell you anyway :)

; To configure the pools it is recommended to have one .conf file per
; pool in the following directory:
 [2013-07-08 23:04 UTC]
-Status: Closed +Status: Re-Opened -PHP Version: 5.3.4 +PHP Version: 5.5.0
 [2013-07-08 23:04 UTC]
I think this is applicable to any versions. Updated version and re-opened.
 [2013-10-21 11:06 UTC] notvalid at example dot com
I've also experienced this, but only once during my initial php-fpm setup. It seems it may be related to graceful reconfiguration or FD re-use as I've not experienced it since stabilizing the configs.

It was rather worrisome as due to the values I was passing (php_admin_value open_basedir, disable_functions, etc), the site that received the polluted values ceased to function.
 [2013-11-19 17:24 UTC] andy at propcom dot co dot uk
I have also experienced this. It seems that any ini settings changed with PHP_VALUE or PHP_ADMIN_VALUE environment variables are set for the life of the worker thread by fpm_php_zend_ini_alter_master.

Perhaps the old values of the altered settings could be saved and restored on request completion?
 [2014-09-24 19:47 UTC] manuel-php at mausz dot at
During migration from mod_php to FPM we stumbled across this too. So I've written a small patch which uses Zend INI to restore the altered INI settings after each request:

diff -Naur php-5.5.16.orig/sapi/fpm/fpm/fpm_main.c php-5.5.16/sapi/fpm/fpm/fpm_main.c
--- php-5.5.16.orig/sapi/fpm/fpm/fpm_main.c	2014-08-21 10:45:02.000000000 +0200
+++ php-5.5.16/sapi/fpm/fpm/fpm_main.c	2014-09-15 16:05:27.777482784 +0200
@@ -1405,7 +1405,6 @@
 	int *mode = (int *)arg;
 	char *key;
 	char *value = NULL;
-	struct key_value_s kv;
 	if (!mode || !arg1) return;
@@ -1416,7 +1415,7 @@
 	key = Z_STRVAL_P(arg1);
-	if (!key || strlen(key) < 1) {
+	if (!key || Z_STRLEN_P(arg1) < 1) {
 		zlog(ZLOG_ERROR, "Passing INI directive through FastCGI: empty key");
@@ -1430,10 +1429,7 @@
-	kv.key = key;
-	kv.value = value;
- = NULL;
-	if (fpm_php_apply_defines_ex(&kv, *mode) == -1) {
+	if (zend_alter_ini_entry(key, Z_STRLEN_P(arg1) + 1, value, Z_STRLEN_P(arg2), *mode, PHP_INI_STAGE_HTACCESS) == FAILURE) {
 		zlog(ZLOG_ERROR, "Passing INI directive through FastCGI: unable to set '%s'", key);
 [2016-03-02 05:39 UTC] kthunt at gmail dot com
I have had the same experience using PHP 5.6.18 on CentOS 7.2.1511 as described. I got around the issue by giving each server {} it's own php-fpm.d pool in the line
  fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/website.sock;
This seemed to eliminate the cross talk.

Now I have installed the SquirrelMail php webmail system and I get cross talk between the
  location /squirrelmail {...} block and
  location ~ \.php$ {...} block

When handling a request for a location under /squirrelmail, it would give a file not found error for the "auto_prepend_file=..file.." from the location ~ \.php$ {...} block. I found a workaround as shown below by adding
  fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE "auto_prepend_file=";
to the /squirrelmail block. Maybe there's a better standard way of getting each location's PHP_VALUE setting handled correctly.

server {
    listen 80;

    root /var/www/;
    index index.php;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;

    location /squirrelmail {
           root /usr/share/;
           index index.php index.html index.htm;
           location ~ ^/squirrelmail/(.+\.php)$ {
            try_files $uri =404;
            root /usr/share/;
            fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/website.sock;
            fastcgi_index index.php;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE "auto_prepend_file=";
            include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
           location ~* ^/squirrelmail/(.+\.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico|html|xml|txt))$ {
               root /usr/share/;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/website.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE "auto_prepend_file=/var/www/";
        include fastcgi_params;
 [2017-04-04 15:23 UTC] thciobanu at yahoo dot com
I can confirm this issue is still valid for php 7.0.12 and 7.1.3.

Excerpt from nginx.conf:

        location ~ \.php$ {
            root           /var/www/html;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;

        location ~ _pre\.php$ {
            root           /var/www/html;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            fastcgi_param  PHP_VALUE "auto_prepend_file=/var/www/html/die.php";
            include        fastcgi_params;

# cat /var/www/html/index.php 


# cat /var/www/html/die.php 


and index_pre.php is just a symlink to index.php:

# curl http://localhost/index.php
# curl http://localhost/index_pre.php
# curl http://localhost/index.php
 [2017-10-24 05:22 UTC]
-Status: Re-Opened +Status: Assigned
 [2017-10-24 07:43 UTC]
-Status: Assigned +Status: Open -Assigned To: fat +Assigned To:
 [2018-11-24 09:33 UTC] php-bugtracker at trash-me dot com
Is there any chance, that this bug gets fixed anytime soon?

IMHO that's a major problem for shared hosting environments, where multiple users share a common FPM-Pool. Settings from the vhost-configuration of one user might change settings on vhosts of other users in an unpredictable way. Especially, when working with sensitive settings, such as open_basdir, disable_functions or session.save_path, this bug leads to serious security issues.
 [2019-07-12 21:45 UTC] mp at webfactory dot de
The PHP_VALUE/PHP_ADMIN_VALUE feature was added in

There is no clean-up, so the modified values persist in the PHP-FPM worker and affect the next request served.

To reproduce this more easily, configure PHP-FPM with a single worker (pm = static, pm.max_children = 1). To work around it, 
- explicitly configure the same set of INI settings in all virtual hosts
- configure FPM to only serve one request per worker
- use ini_set() in PHP userland instead of using PHP_(ADMIN_)VALUE, although not possible for all settings
 [2019-07-17 09:50 UTC] mp at webfactory dot de
Present at least in PHP 7.2.19. Of course, as it's FPM-related, it does not only affect nginx at in the OP's comment, but also Apache setups.

Additional workaround solution: Use PHP_VALUE only for PHP_INI_SYSTEM settings and make sure you configure the same set of those in all virtual hosts. Use .user.ini files for all the rest. Values from .user.ini are cleaned up as one would expect.
 [2019-09-09 14:04 UTC] james at jamesreno dot com
This issue is still affecting 7.3.9

This can cause serious security issues and needs to be addressed sooner than later. auto_prepend_file carrying over from one vhost to another is causing code execution in the wrong vhosts.

Requiring the use of work-arounds to "clean up the mess" left over by previous requests is just crazy. When can we expect that the PHP sandbox properly cleans up its environment at the start and end of each request?
 [2022-11-30 10:45 UTC] amid000 at yandex dot ru
It looks like that this is not a bug actually.

According to this article:

>>PHP settings passed with php_value or php_flag will overwrite their previous value.

So once it is overwritten once - the new value is used until it is overwritten again.
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