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Request #39234 Retrieve short names to files
Submitted: 2006-10-23 12:37 UTC Modified: 2011-06-11 10:15 UTC
From: RQuadling at GMail dot com Assigned: pajoye (profile)
Status: Closed Package: Filesystem function related
PHP Version: * OS: Windows only
Private report: No CVE-ID: None
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 [2006-10-23 12:37 UTC] RQuadling at GMail dot com

(I was required to pick a version, but that is not really relevant).

This issue extends from a bug/feature of the Windows command shell executable (cmd.exe) which only allows a single set of double quotes to be used when being used with the /C option.


// Fine
exec('"C:\Program Files\Some Dir\Some Program" C:\somefile.txt');
// Not fine
exec('"C:\Program Files\Some Dir\Some Program" "C:\some file with a space in the name.txt"');

You get an error which is the same at the command prompt.

These work (the parameter is useless).

C:\windows\system32\calc.exe 123
"C:\windows\system32\calc.exe" 123
C:\windows\system32\calc.exe "123"
"C:\windows\system32\calc.exe" "123"
cmd /c C:\windows\system32\calc.exe 123
cmd /c "C:\windows\system32\calc.exe" 123
cmd /c C:\windows\system32\calc.exe "123"

But this doesn't work at the command line.

cmd /c "C:\windows\system32\calc.exe" "123"

You get the error ...

'C:\windows\system32\calc.exe" "123' is not recognized as an internal or external command, operable program or batch file.

So, whilst this isn't a PHP bug, PHP could certainly help get around the problem.

My proposal is to either extend the PHP function realpath() to allow for a boolean parameter to indicate the short name is to be returned.


string realpath ( string path [, boolean return_short_name] )

or to introduce 2 new functions

string shortname ( string longname )
string longname ( string shortname )

In addition, extending the SPL to have a getShortName() method.

To get the shortname within MS VC++, there is a function called GetShortPathName(). There is also GetLongPathName().

References to these functions can be found at


DWORD GetShortPathName(
  LPCTSTR lpszLongPath,
  LPTSTR lpszShortPath,
  DWORD cchBuffer

DWORD GetLongPathName(
  LPCTSTR lpszShortPath,
  LPTSTR lpszLongPath,
  DWORD cchBuffer

With the shortname() function, a filename like ...

C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\80\Tools\Binn\osql.exe

would become ...


The name supplied is system dependent. I have a LOT of directories in "C:\Program Files" starting with Microsoft.

27/10/2004  15:01    <DIR>          MI3AA1~1     Microsoft ActiveSync
16/03/2006  11:13    <DIR>          MIAF83~1     Microsoft AntiSpyware
05/01/2005  10:02    <DIR>          MIDA86~1     Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
23/02/2005  16:17    <DIR>          MIAF01~1     Microsoft Firewall Client
27/10/2004  12:13    <DIR>          MICROS~1     microsoft frontpage
06/04/2006  09:22    <DIR>          MICROS~3     Microsoft IntelliPoint
06/04/2006  09:26    <DIR>          MICROS~2     Microsoft IntelliType Pro
06/04/2006  10:13    <DIR>          MICROS~4     Microsoft Office
29/10/2004  14:36    <DIR>          MI6841~1     Microsoft SQL Server
16/11/2004  16:31    <DIR>          MIAF9D~1     Microsoft Visual Studio
28/10/2004  08:44    <DIR>          MIF2B0~1     Microsoft Works
23/02/2005  12:02    <DIR>          MICROS~1.NET Microsoft.NET

In terms of impact, making 2 new functions which are Windows only would probably be easier.


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 [2010-12-20 08:38 UTC]
-Summary: Retrieve short names to files. +Summary: Retrieve short names to files -Package: Feature/Change Request +Package: Filesystem function related -Operating System: Windows XP SP2 +Operating System: Windows only -PHP Version: 5CVS-2006-10-23 (snap) +PHP Version: *
 [2011-06-11 10:15 UTC]
-Status: Assigned +Status: Closed
 [2011-06-11 10:15 UTC]
As PHP now uses another feature of cmd.exe, this allows all elements of the 
command line (programs and parameters) to be quoted quite happily.

As such, this request is no longer needed.
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