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Bug #38007 system() does not work under apache
Submitted: 2006-07-04 16:40 UTC Modified: 2006-07-15 01:00 UTC
Avg. Score:4.7 ± 0.5
Reproduced:3 of 3 (100.0%)
Same Version:1 (33.3%)
Same OS:0 (0.0%)
From: marcus dot yu at rogers dot com Assigned:
Status: No Feedback Package: Filesystem function related
PHP Version: 5.1.4 OS: fedora core 5
Private report: No CVE-ID: None
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 [2006-07-04 16:40 UTC] marcus dot yu at rogers dot com
The function system() does not work in PHP 5.1.4 under Apache 2.2.0+ in fedora core 5. The kernel is 2.6.17-1.2139_FC5. The return value is 127. If runs as shell script, the function works. The safe mode is off. It was tested on both Apache 2.2.0 and 2.2.2.

Reproduce code:
   $last_line = system ("ls -l", $return_value);
   echo " return value : $return_value ";

Expected result:
list all files in the working directory just as run 'ls -l' in command line. 
and the return value is 0. 

Actual result:
nothing. the return value is 127. 

In fact, if modified the code a little bit and run it as shell script, it works. 


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 [2006-07-04 19:42 UTC]
Is ls binary in the path?
 [2006-07-04 20:01 UTC] marcus dot yu at rogers dot com
yes. even use /bin/ls got the same result.
 [2006-07-05 01:49 UTC] judas dot iscariote at gmail dot com
return value : 2
current CVS, apache 2.2.2 on Linux.
 [2006-07-06 20:38 UTC]
Did you enable SELinux ?
 [2006-07-06 21:45 UTC] marcus dot yu at rogers dot com
Yes. It doesn't work with SELinux enforced. Why? 
The machine is going to host a web site over SSL. Any impact if SELinux is disabled?
 [2006-07-06 21:59 UTC]
Well, then it's clearly not PHP problem.
You just need to configure SELinux appropriately to allow Apache to execute binaries or just disable SELinux.
 [2006-07-06 22:00 UTC] marcus dot yu at rogers dot com
it works with older verson of php (i.e. 4.3.11) while SELinux is enforcing.
 [2006-07-06 22:10 UTC]
It works with 4.3.11 and SELinux enabled on the same machine with the same configuration?
I can hardly believe in that.
Also, I don't really see how we can investigate it since we don't have access to your machine and we've no idea of your configuration.
 [2006-07-06 22:43 UTC] marcus dot yu at rogers dot com
Of course not on the same machine. The machine with SELinux  enforcing runs kernel 2.6.10-1.770_FC3, Apache 2.0.53, and php 4.3.11.

There is no technical difference between the two apache configurations. Or I missed where to configure SELinux to let Apache run binaries. The file /etc/selinux/config does not tell much.
 [2006-07-07 08:20 UTC]
>Of course not on the same machine.
Then please install the snapshot or 5.1.4 there and see if it works.

 [2006-07-15 01:00 UTC] php-bugs at lists dot php dot net
No feedback was provided for this bug for over a week, so it is
being suspended automatically. If you are able to provide the
information that was originally requested, please do so and change
the status of the bug back to "Open".
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