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Bug #20298 [PATCH] odbc.check_persistent not working
Submitted: 2002-11-07 07:41 UTC Modified: 2017-11-05 04:22 UTC
Avg. Score:4.5 ± 0.9
Reproduced:23 of 24 (95.8%)
Same Version:12 (52.2%)
Same OS:14 (60.9%)
From: phpbug at tab1 dot clara dot co dot uk Assigned:
Status: No Feedback Package: ODBC related
PHP Version: 5CVS-2004-04-13 OS: *
Private report: No CVE-ID: None
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 [2002-11-07 07:41 UTC] phpbug at tab1 dot clara dot co dot uk
Make sure the odbc.check_persistent is on and that odbc.allow_persistent is on. Set up a database connection called dsnname
Run the script below (substituting [tabname] for a valid table name in your database).
Check that you have persistent connections, ie with the webserver idle make sure your database shows connections from the webserver.

Restart the database or kill the session belonging to the web server.

Re-run the script below and the odbc_exec fails with an error:  "connection not open"  or smililar depending on your odbc driver.
I have found this effect to be the same with the Postgres odbc driver and the Informix 3.30 odbc driver.

I presume that odbc.check_persistent is supposed to check that the connection is still attached to the database before pconnect gives it to the script?

$dbconn = odbc_pconnect("dsnname","","");
$rid = odbc_exec($dbconn,"select * from [tabname]");



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 [2002-12-18 13:59 UTC]
I'm unable to reproduce this on the UNIX end of things.  Anyone with a Windows boxen working that can test this?
 [2004-04-02 10:48 UTC] phpbugs at kevin dot offwhite dot net
I'm seeing this problem on a Red Hat 9 system running PHP 4.3.5 on Apache 2.0.

I have check_persistent and allow_persistent On, and phpinfo() reports 1 active persistent link.  I'm not clear if the problem is in the ODBC Driver not reporting back to php that the server has terminated the link, or if PHP is not properly checking if the persistent link needs to be re-established, but I thought it wouldn't hurt to report the bug here and see what we can come up with.

An interesting thing is that while phpinfo() reports only one persistent link, a netstat on the webserver shows 6 connections to the database server.  When I load the page with the odbc_pconnect call, it will alternate between working and not working from pageload to pageload, so it seems that some of those connections are good and others are not, and php is not removing the bad connection from the hash list.

The error message I get is:
Warning: odbc_exec(): SQL error: [unixODBC][IBM][iSeries Access ODBC Driver]Communication link failure. comm rc=10054 - CWBCO1047 - The iSeries server application disconnected the connection, SQL state 08S01 in SQLExecDirect in /usr/local/apache/htdocs/test.php on line 15
 [2004-06-04 22:06 UTC] phpbugs at kevin dot offwhite dot net
Well, after some additional research I have turned up what I think is the exact cause of the bug, but I don't feel qualified to implement the solution.

In the php code, at line 2271 in php_odbc.c ( ), php calls SQLGetInfo() passing a parameter of SQL_DATA_SOURCE_READ_ONLY to try and determine if the connection is alive or not.  While this may work in some odbc drivers, it is not the "official" way of asking if the connection is dead.  According to my driver supplier ( ) and the Microsoft's ODBC Programmer's reference ( ), the correct method is to use SQLGetConnectAttr() to check the Attribute SQL_ATTR_CONNECTION_DEAD.

Steps to reproduce:
  1) Use PHP's odbc_pconnect() function with the iSeries ODBC Driver for Linux.
  2) Allow the connection to idle long enough for the Server to disconnect.
  3) Try and use the connection which was disconnected by the server.

Expected result:
1)  PHP calls SQLGetConnectAttr() to check SQL_ATTR_CONNECTION_DEAD, which returns SQL_ERROR.  
2) PHP removes the connection from its internal list, creates a new persistent connection, and returns that new connection to the php script
3) call to odbc_exec() succeeds.

Actual result:
1) PHP calls SQLGetInfo() to check SQL_DATA_SOURCE_READ_ONLY, which returns SQL_SUCCESS
2) PHP believes this to be a valid connection, and returns this connection to the php script
3) call to odbc_exec() fails.
 [2005-07-27 10:57 UTC] t-yonetani+php at ergobrains dot co dot jp
Here's a patch written according to phpbugs at kevin dot offwhite dot net's
suggestion(I hope space and tabs won't be damanged).  We're using a similar
version(just by replacing SQLGetInfo() with SQLGetConnectAttr()) on a spare
machine, and odbc_pconnect() seems to be working so far.  Uncommenting out
the code for fixing #15758 is a bit scary, but I believe it should be OK.

Index: php_odbc.c
RCS file: /repository/php-src/ext/odbc/php_odbc.c,v
retrieving revision
diff -u -r1.143.2.12 php_odbc.c
--- php_odbc.c	14 Jun 2003 03:37:30 -0000
+++ php_odbc.c	27 Jul 2005 08:47:05 -0000
@@ -2156,6 +2156,29 @@
 /* }}} */
+/* {{{ is_connection_dead */
+static int is_connection_dead(odbc_connection *db_conn)
+#if defined(HAVE_IBMDB2)
+	UCHAR d_name[32];
+	SWORD len;
+	RETCODE ret;
+#if defined(HAVE_IBMDB2)
+	ret = SQLGetConnectAttr(db_conn->hdbc, SQL_ATTR_CONNECTION_DEAD, &dead,
+							0, NULL);
+	ret = SQLGetInfo(db_conn->hdbc, SQL_DATA_SOURCE_READ_ONLY, d_name,
+					 sizeof(d_name), &len);
+	dead = len == 0;
+	return ret != SQL_SUCCESS || dead;
+/* }}} */
 /* Persistent connections: two list-types le_pconn, le_conn and a plist
  * where hashed connection info is stored together with index pointer to
  * the actual link of type le_pconn in the list. Only persistent 
@@ -2282,23 +2305,13 @@
 			 * check to see if the connection is still in place (lurcher)
-				RETCODE ret;
-				UCHAR d_name[32];
-				SWORD len;
-				ret = SQLGetInfo(db_conn->hdbc, 
-					d_name, sizeof(d_name), &len);
-				if(ret != SQL_SUCCESS || len == 0) {
+				if(is_connection_dead(db_conn)) {
 					zend_hash_del(&EG(persistent_list), hashed_details, hashed_len + 1);
-					/* Commented out to fix a possible double closure error 
-					 * when working with persistent connections as submitted by
-					 * bug #15758
-					 *
-					 * safe_odbc_disconnect(db_conn->hdbc);
-					 * SQLFreeConnect(db_conn->hdbc);
+					/*
+					 * now that we know the connection is dead, just free
+					 * the DBC handle without issuing SQLDisconnect().
+					SQLFreeConnect(db_conn->hdbc);
 					goto try_and_get_another_connection;
 [2009-05-12 02:14 UTC]
Please try using this CVS snapshot:
For Windows:

 [2009-05-13 13:00 UTC] phpbug at tab1 dot clara dot co dot uk
That doesn't seem to have fixed it, after killing the connections on the first reload of the test page I get:

Warning: odbc_exec() [function.odbc-exec]: SQL error: [Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver][DBNETLIB]ConnectionWrite (send())., SQL state 01000 in SQLExecDirect in C:\InetPub\wwwroot\dbtest.php on line 10

and on the second:

Warning: odbc_exec() [function.odbc-exec]: SQL error: [Microsoft][ODBC SQL Server Driver]Communication link failure, SQL state 08S01 in SQLExecDirect in C:\InetPub\wwwroot\dbtest.php on line 10
 [2017-10-22 23:43 UTC]
-Status: Open +Status: Feedback
 [2017-10-22 23:43 UTC]
Is this still an issue with ODBC in PHP7? 

I apologies for the long wait of a little over 8 years since the last reply, our lines have been extremely flooded and not enough personal to handle the requests.
 [2017-11-05 04:22 UTC] php-bugs at lists dot php dot net
No feedback was provided. The bug is being suspended because
we assume that you are no longer experiencing the problem.
If this is not the case and you are able to provide the
information that was requested earlier, please do so and
change the status of the bug back to "Re-Opened". Thank you.
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